The Earth’s population is set to reach 8 billion people today

Each of us is uniquely one in eight billion — at least, according to United Nations projections that the world’s population will surpass eight billion on Tuesday (November 15).

Dubbed a “milestone in human development,” the UN has also called for collective action to protect people and the planet.

While it took 12 years for the global population to grow from 7 billion to 8 billion, it will take about 15 years to reach 9 billion by 2037, suggesting that the overall growth rate of the global population is slowing in more developed countries.

“World population growth is increasingly concentrated among the world’s poorest

countries, exacerbating already entrenched inequalities,” a UN statement read.

“Nearly all of the global growth in the number of children and youth and adults under 65 between now and 2050 will occur in low- and lower-middle-income countries.”

In countries with the highest rates of consumption and emissions, such as China, the United States and Russia, populations are slowing or even declining.

At the same time, sub-Saharan Africa is facing annual growth of 2 to 3 percent. In Madagascar, nearly 80 percent of people live below the international poverty line, according to a UN police briefing.

An estimated 821 million people are undernourished – many of them low-income, and women and children are especially vulnerable.

“Rich countries and the international community should support the sustainable development of low- and lower-middle-income countries by providing the necessary technical and financial assistance so that their economies can grow rapidly using technologies that minimize environmental harm,” the briefing continued. said.

The United Nations renewed its call to meet the goals in the Paris Agreement, adopted in 2015 to tackle climate change, calling for a global temperature increase of up to 2 degrees Celsius by the end of the century compared with pre-industrial times, and as close to 1.5 degrees Celsius as possible.

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